The Seville Agreement was an agreement drawn up in 1997 by the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement to determine which organization would lead the field operations. It was the latest in several “peace agreements” that attempted to end the turf wars between the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (Federation). Others were designed in 1969, 1974 and 1989. 1.4. The coordination of movements within a management agency has only been operational if a satisfactory working relationship has been developed between the host society, the ICRC and/or the International Federation. All other elements of an international operation should support increased participation and responsibility of the host company in the direction and coordination of the operation. If anything wanted to test the Seville agreement, it was the Balkans, the largest integrated operation ever carried out by the movement. A rigorous external assessment recognized that the decision to establish a common administrative structure to deal with the regional dimension of the crisis has improved the response to humanitarian needs. 1.3.
Since the agreement states that the leadership role is “first applicable in emergency situations where rapid, consistent and effective relief is required to meet the great needs of victims” (SA 4.4), this means that the function is a temporary response to a number of circumstances. In each country, the coexistence of activities related to the mandate of the Host National Society and international activities to support other components of the movement lead to a complex operational environment of the movement, which requires coordination by a management agency that may be the National Host Society, the ICRC or the International Federation (SA 5.3). 3.2. The experience of recent operations shows the enormous value of pre-agreed soft forces between the Host National Society, the ICRC and the Federation. The process of negotiating these softs allows for stronger working relationships between parties who are more familiar with each other`s capabilities, systems and instruments. Soft can be seen as precautionary measures that anticipate modified roles and responsibilities in emergency situations. How has the Seville agreement affected the red cross and Red Crescent`s efforts to change the movement`s cooperation? 1.4 This agreement should not be construed as limiting or affecting the specific role and competences of each component, in accordance with the Geneva Conventions and their additional protocols, as well as the movement`s statutes. 4.7. Whenever there are regional networks of national societies, possibly with pre-negotiated cooperation agreements, they should be invited to implement measures to support the objectives and priorities set for a movement operation. Promoting bilateral or multilateral cooperation agreements between participating and operating national societies 4.2 The concept of leadership implies the existence of other partners with rights and obligations in this area. The company should retain its role and mandate at all times and therefore be the main partner of the leading agency. All other elements of an international operation should strengthen the role of the host company in the direction and coordination of activities.
5.5.2 Subject to the agreement of donors who have contributed to the financing of international aid that is coming to an end, the resources and logistical and material resources made available on the ground, provided they are in line with the objectives of the new operation, will be made available to the lead agency, which will now be responsible for its general direction and coordination.